Hall of Infamy Site Sources

Bakker, Jim

“Forgiven: The Rise and Fall of Jim Bakker and the PTL Ministry,” by Charles E. Shepard, Atlantic Monthly Press, 1989
“Bakker, Evangelist, Resigns His Ministry Over Sexual Incident,” The New York Times, 3/21/87
“Bakker and Ex-Aide Charged with Defrauding Donors to PTL,” The New York Times, 12/6/88
“Judge Says Bakker Can Stand Trial,” The New York Times, 9/7/89
“Bakker is Convicted on All Counts,” The New York Times 10/6/89
“Bakker Sentenced to 45 Years for Fraud in His TV Ministry,” The New York Times, 10/25/89
“Jim Bakker Freed From Jail to Stay in a Halfway House,” The New York Times, 7/2/94

Belfort, Jordan

“Despite Nasdaq, Penny Stocks Still Flourish,” New York Times, 11/21/93
“Two Former Stratton Officials Indicted on Fraud Charges,” New York Times, 9/4/98
“In the Ashes of his Life as a Broker, Inspiration,” New York Times, 9/11/07
“Jordan Belfort: A Big Story for the Big Screen?” All Things Considered, NPR, 10/8/07
“Jordan Belfort: Confessions of the Wolf of Wall Street,” Telegraph, 2/25/08

Bellchambers, Gary

“Gary Bellchambers made millions selling fake golf clubs on eBay,” The Times, 12/15/09
“eBay Golf Club Conman Gary Bellchambers Jailed for Four Years,” The Times, 3/5/10
“Essex Boy Known as ‘The Man’ Made Million in ‘Biggest-Ever eBay Fraud’ from Exploding Golf Balls and Fake Clubs,” The Daily Mail, 12/15/09
“Fake Golf Club Criminals Jailed for Biggest Fraud eBay has ever seen,” Telegraph, 12/15/09
“Fake Golf Club Gang are Sentenced,” BBC News, 3/4/10

Bennett, Phillip

“More Refco Victims,” Forbes magazine, 10/13/05
“Refco Loses Clients and Cash After Chief’s Arrest,” Bloomberg.com, 10/13/05
“Ex-Chief of Refco Accused of Fraud,” The Seattle Times, 10/13/05
“Bennett, Charged in Refco Fraud, Won Trust as ‘Top-Flight CEO,” Bloomberg.com, 10/13/05
“Refco Shuts its Capital Markets Unit for 15 Days,” The New York Times, 10/13/05
“Refco, Name Tarnished, has ‘Several Days’ to Fight for Survival,” Bloomberg.com, 10/14/05
“Crisis at Refco Raises Questions About Accounting,” Washington Post, 10/15/05
“Ex-Refco Chief Bennett’s Guilty Plea May Help Former Deputies,” Bloomberg.com, 2/16/08
“Ex-Refco Chief Sentenced to 16 Years in Cover-Up,” The New York Times, 7/6/08
“Refco Bad Debts Started with Asian Currency Crisis,” Bloomberg.com, 10/31/05

Billman, Tom

“Fugitive S&L Exec Used Swiss Account,” Associated Press, 6/29/89
 “6 Savings Executives Held Liable in Maryland,” New York Times, 10/7/88
“Savings Fugitive Indicted; U.S. Offers $200,000 Reward,” New York Times, 1/31/90
“The Fugitive,” The Washington Post, 2/3/91
 “S&L Fugitive Captured in Paris,” Associated Press, 3/23/93
“S&L Fraud Trial Begins for Ex-Fugitive Banker; Maryland Man Allegedly Stole $22 Million,” The Washington Post, 2/8/94
“Ex-Fugitive S&L Chief Convicted; Md. Financier Guilty on 11 Fraud Counts,” The Washington Post, 4/2/94
“Md. S&L Fugitive Tried to Stash Millions While Jailed, U.S. Says,” The Washington Post, 5/26/94
“Billman’s Sentencing Judge to be Faced with Two Personas,” The Washington Post, 6/19/94
“Prison Term in S&L Case,” New York Times, 6/22/94

Birrell, Lowell

“Rio to Oust Birrell; U.S. Seeks Fugitive,” The New York Times, 8/28/59
“Birrell Fighting Brazilian Ouster,” The New York Times, 8/29/59
“The 5,000,000 Swindle,” Time Magazine, 3/15/63
“Defendants are Termed Dupes as Stock Fraud Trial Begins,” The New York Times , 5/7/63
“Birrell Ends Exile of 7 Years,” The New York Times, 4/24/64
“U.S. is Suing Lowell Birrell for $18.6 Million in Taxes,” The New York Times, 5/29/65
“Birrell is Released From Prison on Bail After Stay of 15 Months,” New York Times, 8/1/65
“Birrell is Guilty in Stock Selling,” The New York Times, 12/29/67
“Birrell is Sentenced to Two-Year Term for Fraud in Stocks,” The New York Times, 7/30/70

Black, Conrad

“Media Tycoon Conrad Black Resigns,” BBC News, 11/17/03
“Other People's Money,” The New Yorker, 2/9/04
“Free Agents,” The New Yorker, 4/23/07
“News Tycoon Stole Millions, U.S. Charges,” New York Times, 11/18/05
“Facing Fraud Trial, Conrad Black Flouts the Rules,” The New York Times, 3/12/07
“Heated Cross-Examination at the Conrad Black Trial,” The New York Times, 5/1/07
“Conrad Black's Downfall Shaped by Many Battles,” The New York Times, 7/14/07
“Black Given Prison Term Over Fraud,” The New York Times, 12/11/07
“Black & Blue Shareholders are beating up Hollinger CEO Conrad Black over his huge, tricky pay packages. He calls them ‘governance terrorists,’” Fortune Magazine, 10/13/03
“Conrad Black, 3 others indicted; U.S. says they looted parent of Chicago Sun-Times,” The Washington Post, 11/18/05
“Ex-media mogul’s trial begins; Federal prosecutors say Conrad Black is a swindler; lawyer calls star witness a liar,” Associated Press, 3/21/07
“Convicted newspaper baron Conrad Black headed for a stretch in prison,” Associated Press, 12/8/07

Black, Eli

“Prettying up Chiquita,” Time Magazine, 9/3/73
“Eli Black's Rites Attended by 500,” The New York Times, 2/6/75
“Suicide of Big Executive: Stress of Corporate Life,” The New York Times, 2/14/75
“SEC Suit Links a Honduras Bribe to United Brands,” The New York Times, 4/10/75
“Rotten Fruit,” Financial Times, 5/4/07
“Banana: The Fate of the Fruit that Changed the World,” by Dan Koeppel, Penguin Group, 2008

Boesky, Ivan

“Going After the Crooks,” Time Magazine, 12/1/86
“Boesky Sentenced to 3 Years in Jail in Insider Scandal,” New York Times, 12/19/87
“Ivan Boesky’s Inevitable Transformation; 7 Months After His Fall, Investor Faces Himself and his Crimes,” The Washington Post, 7/21/87
“For Ivan Boesky, Punishment was Tax-Deductible,” New York Times, 5/25/90
“Battling Boeskys,” Time Magazine, 5/3/93
“Den of Thieves” by James B. Stewart, Touchstone Books, 1992

Cornfeld, Bernard

“Cornfeld has a losing day in Swiss Court,” The New York Times, 5/19/78
“Fund Scandal: A 60s Flashback,” The New York Times, 1/4/01
“’Do You Sincerely Want to be Rich?’ The Full Story of Bernard Cornfeld and IOS by Charles Raw, Bruce Page and Godfrey Hodgson,” The New York Times, 8/22/71
“Cornfeld, Out of Swiss Jail, is Chipper,” The New York Times, 4/15/74
“Court Dismisses Vesco’s S.E.C. Suit,” The New York Times, 5/25/71
“Beleaguered Empire: Problems Mounting for Cornfeld and Realm of I.O.S.,” The New York Times, 4/27/70
“The Return of Bernie Cornfeld,” Time Magazine, 4/23/65
“Cornfeld’s Cornucopia,” Time Magazine, 10/3/69
“Obituaries: Bernie Cornfeld,” The Independent, 3/1/95
“Bernard Cornfeld, 67, Dies; Led Flamboyant Mutual Fund,” The New York Times, 3/2/95
“Bernie Cleared,” Time Magazine, 10/29/79
“Financier Bernie Cornfeld Dies; Made Pyramid Selling Famous,” The Washington Post, 3/2/95

Crazy Eddie

“What is Crazy Eddie Really Up To?” The New York Times, 6/14/87
“Fraud Trial Begins for Crazy Eddie Founder,” 6/16/93
“Crazy Eddie Founder Guilty of Fraud,” The New York Times, 7/21/93
“Eddie Antar Signs Over $52 Million,” 3/24/94
“Antar Gets 12 ½ Years for Fraud,” The New York Times, 4/30/94
“Crazy Eddie Antar’s not so ‘Insane’ View of the World,” MarketWatch, 6/24/07
“Crazy Eddie Background,” from www.whitecollarfraud.com, website of Sam Antar

DeAngelis, Anthony

“The Man Who Fooled Everybody,” Time Magazine, 6/4/65
“The Congressman and the Salad Oil Swindler,” Saturday Evening Post, 4/25/64
“ 'Salad Oil King' hasn't lost his charm,” Syracuse Herald Journal, 2/22/93
“Salad Oil Caper Biggest Fraud in U.S. History,” Associated Press, 7/22/64
“Salad Oil Promotion: ‘It’s all Dressing,’” Associated Press, 7/19/64
“Boiling in Oil,” Time Magazine, 12/13/63
“Justice Steps in,” Time Magazine, 1/03/64
“Food Oil Trader Indicted Over $40 Million Receipts,” The New York Times, 12/24/63
“Allied Crude Corp. Declared Bankrupt; DeAngelis Again Invokes the 5th Amendment,” The New York Times, 12/4/63
“Tino DeAngelis: Study in Silence,” The New York Times, 12/6/63
“DeAngelis Jailed on $46.5 Million Fraud Charges,” The New York Times, 1/18/64
“Food Oil Trader Denies Loan Deal,” The New York Times, 6/2/64
“DeAngelis Admits Guilt on 3 Counts,” The New York Times, 1/9/65
“DeAngelis Given 10-Year Sentence,” The New York Times, 5/29/65
“DeAngelis Receives a 20-Year Sentence,” The New York Times, 8/18/65

Diamond, Great Hoax

“The Great Diamond Hoax and Other Stunning Episodes in the Life of Asbury Harpending,” edited by James H. Wilkins, 1913
“The Great Diamond Hoax of 1872,” Smithsonian Magazine, 6/04
“The Diamond Swindle – Contents of the Safe of Philip Arnold,” The New York Times, 12/25/1872

Ebbers, Bernie

“The New World Order,” Business Week, 10/13/97
“With WorldCom's Breakup Plan, Eerie Similarities to AT&T,” The New York Times, 11/2/2000
“Bernie at Bay,” Forbes, 4/15/02
“WorldCom Leader Departs Company in Turbulent Time,” The New York Times, 5/1/02
“Ebbers Starts 25-Year Term for Fraud at WorldCom,” The Washington Post, 9/27/06
“Dirty Rotten CEOS: How Business Leaders are Fleecing America,” by William G. Flanagan, Citadel Press Books, 2004


“Enron the Smartest Guys in the Room,” documentary directed by Alex Gibney, 2005
“The Case Against Jeff Skilling,” BusinessWeek, 3/1/04
“Enron Chiefs Guilty of Fraud and Conspiracy,” The New York Times, 5/25/06
“Enron's Skilling is Sentenced to 24 Years,” The New York Times, 10/24/06
“Enron Payout Plan Approved,” The Houston Chronicle, 9/10/08
“Dirty Rotten CEOS: How Business Leaders are Fleecing America,” by William G. Flanagan, Citadel Press Books, 2004

Equity, Funding

“Equity Funding: Growth and Problems Traced,” The New York Times, 4/15/73
“Phone Call Set off Equity Case,” The New York Times, 4/6/73
“A Scandal Rocks the Street,” The New York Times, 4/8/73
“Trustee is Named at Equity Funding,” The New York Times, 4/11/73
“Anatomy of an Insurance Scandal,” The New York Times, 4/15/73
“Equity Funding Stock Sales Disclosed,” The New York Times, 4/17/73”
“Equity Funding Officials Still Sort Out Problems,” The New York Times, 10/8/73
“Goldblum Among 6 Sentenced to Jail in Equity Funding Case,” The New York Times, 3/19/75
“SEC to Seek ‘Sanctions’ in Equity Funding Case,” The New York Times, 2/1/77

Estes, Billie Sol

“The New World Order,” Business Week, 10/13/97
“With WorldCom's Breakup Plan, Eerie Similarities to AT&T,” The New York Times, 11/2/2000
“Bernie at Bay,” Forbes, 4/15/02
“WorldCom Leader Departs Company in Turbulent Time,” The New York Times, 5/1/02
“Ebbers Starts 25-Year Term for Fraud at WorldCom,” The Washington Post, 9/27/06
“Dirty Rotten CEOS: How Business Leaders are Fleecing America,” by William G. Flanagan, Citadel Press Books, 2004

Figueroa, Ramon Baez

“Dominican Republic in Crisis,” The New York Times, 12/29/03
“Fallen Banker Still Courted in Dominican Jail Cell,” The New York Times, 5/27/03
“Largest Dominican Bank Fraud Case Verdict has ‘Patches,’ Defense Says,” Dominican Today, 4/18/08

Frankel, Martin

“Oversight Failure Blamed in Financier's Fraud Case,” New York Times, 7/12/2000
“Financier Flown from Germany to Face Federal Fraud Charges,” New York Times, 3/3/01
“For Sale: Tasteful but Tainted Fleet,” The New York Times, 4/31/01
“Book Value; A Financial Whodunit, Awaiting Answers,” New York Times, 1/27/02
“Ex-Official of Vatican Pleads Guilty in Conspiracy,” New York Times, 9/6/02
“After Years of High Life, Swindler Pleads Guilty,” The New York Times, 5/16/02
“Estates are Bought, but Not Fawned Over,” The New York Times, 1/24/03
“Onetime Fugitive gets 17 Years for Looting Insurers,” The New York Times, 12/11/04
“The Pretender: How Martin Frankel Fooled the Financial World and Led the Feds on one of the Most Publicized Manhunts in History,” by Ellen Joan Pollock, Simon & Schuster, 2002

Halksworth, Graham

“Two Guilty of $2.5 Trillion swindle,” BBC News, 9/18/03
“’Urban Myth’ Exposed by Trial,” BBC News, 9/18/03
“Double Life of Trillion Dollar Man,” Manchester Evening News, 9/19/03
“Pensioner Guilty of $2.5 Trillion Fraud Plot,” The Guardian, 9/19/03
“Men Jailed Over $2.5 Trillion Fraud,” BBC News, 10/31/03
“Scientist Jailed for Six Years for Trillion-Dollar Swindle,” The Independent, 11/1/03


HBO & Co.

“Top Executives are Removed at McKesson,” New York Times, 6/22/99
“Two Ex-Executives are Indicted in Fraud Case,” New York Times, 9/29/00
“SEC Cites 6 Employees in Fraud Case at HBO Inc,” New York Times, 9/28/01
“Former Executive Indicted in Accounting Scheme,” New York Times, 6/5/03
“Feds Accept Fourth Guilty Plea in McKesson Merger Fraud,” Law.com, 10/17/03
“Former McKesson CFO Indicted in Fraud,” San Francisco Chronicle, 3/31/04
“Ex-CFO on Trial in SF for Fraud,” San Francisco Chronicle, 2/4/05
“Fraud Trial Closing,” San Francisco Chronicle, 3/12/05
“McKesson Execs Acquitted of Fraud,” Associated Press, 11/3/06

Heath, Daniel

“Three Convicted of Defrauding Seniors of $190 Million,” Orange County Register, 1/10/08
“Heath Investment Fraud Trial Ends in 400 Guilty Verdicts, One Not Guilty,” Press-Enterprise, 1/11/08
“400 Guilty Verdicts in Heath Fraud Scam,” Orange County Register, 1/11/08
Litigation Release, U.S. Securities and Exchange Commission, 1/24/08
“Scam Mastermind Daniel W. Heath Sentenced to 127 Years in Prison,”  Press-Enterprise, 9/27/08
“John Heath Sentenced to 28 Years in Fraud Case,” Orange County Business News, 2/22/08


Hodgson, Antoinette

“NJ Woman Charged in NY in $45 million Real Estate Swindle,” AP, 6/16/10
“NJ Woman Gambled Away Ponzi Scheme Proceeds: Feds,” New York Post, 6/16/10
“NJ Woman Pleads Guilty in $45 million Ponzi Scheme,” Reuters, 9/14/10
“New Jersey Woman Admits to Ponzi Scheme, U.S. Says,” Bloomberg, 9/14/10
“New Jersey Woman Pleads Guilty in Manhattan Federal Court to Operating $45 million Real Estate Investment Ponzi Scheme,” press release, U.S. Attorney, Southern District of New York, 9/14/10

“Montclair Woman Pleads Guilty to Running $45 million Ponzi Scheme,” The Montclair Times, 9/15/10

Keating, Charles

“Savings Institution Milked by its Chief, Regulators Say,” New York Times, 11/1/89
“A Man of Influence: Political Cash and Regulation,” New York Times, 11/9/89
“The S&L Scandal's Cruel Truths,” New York Times, 11/21/89
“5 Senators Struggle to Avoid Keating Inquiry Fallout,” New York Times, 11/22/89
“Keating is Sentence to 10 Years for Defrauding S&L Customers,” New York Times, 4/11/92

Kozlowski, Dennis

“The Tyco Mistrial: An Unfortunate Ending,” The New York Times, 4/3/04
“Ex-Tyco Executives Convicted,” The Washington Post, 6/18/05
“Ex-Tyco Officers Sentenced,” The Washington Post, 9/20/05
“Why His Peers say Kozlowski Got Off Easy,” The New York Times, 9/23/05
“Ex-Tyco Chief to Settle Tax Evasion Charges,” The New York Times, 5/13/06
“Tyco to Pay $3 Billion to Settle Investor Lawsuits,” The New York Times, 5/16/07
“N.H. Judge Backs Tyco in Freezing Kozlowski's Assets,” New Hampshire Business Review, 10/8/08
“Dennis Kozlowski: Tyco International,” The Top 25 Managers, BusinessWeek, 1/8/01
“Dennis Kozlowski: Prisoner 05A4820,” 60 Minutes, 3/15/07

Kreuger, Ivar

“Kreuger Shares Take Big Drop After Suicide,” Associated Press, 3/14/32
“Poor Kreuger,” Time Magazine, 3/21/32
“Bankers at Work,” Time Magazine, 5/23/32
“Kreuger Tangibles,” Time Magazine, 6/13/32
“Kreuger's Friend, Father, Brother,” Time Magazine, 11/7/32
“Kreuger Finale,” Time Magazine, 7/13/36
“The Match King,” The Economist, 12/19/07
“Ivar Kreuger’s Story in Light of Five Years,” The New York Times, 3/7/37
“Find Kreuger Books, are ‘Grossly Wrong,’ Some Assets False,” The New York Times, 4/6/32
“How Ivar Kreuger Myth Swayed Banks Told,” The New York Times, 512/32
“How Kreuger Ruled his Vast Interests,” The New York Times, 3/14/32
“Sweden Bearing up in Kreuger Crash,” The New York Times, 4/26/32
“Kreuger’s Deficit put at $191,762,730,” The New York Times, 9/11/32
“Marcosson Tells of Kre uger’s Aims,” The New York Times, 3/13/32

Kumar, Sanjay

“Kumar Indicted,” Chicago Tribune, 9/23/04
“Ex-Computer Associates Chairman Kumar Pleads Guilty,” Bloomberg News, 4/26/06
“Guilty Plea Marks Stunning Fall for Kumar,” Washington Post, 4/28/06
“Ex-Leader of Computer Associates Gets 12-Year Sentence and Fine,” New York Times, 11/3/06
“Ex-Executive Agrees to Pay $800 Million in Restitution,” New York Times, 4/13/07
“CA Says its Founder Aided Fraud,” The New York Times, 4/14/07

Law, John

“The Mississippi Bubble,” The New York Times, 3/2/1891
“Extraordinary Popular Delusions and the Madness of Crowds,” by Charles Mackay, 1841
“Genius of the Bubble Ended Life of a Poor Man,” The New York Times, 3/17/29

Leeson, Nick

“Barings Trader Pleads Guilty to 2 Charges in Singapore,” The New York Times, 12/1/95
“Singapore Sentences Leeson to 6 ½ Years in Prison,” The New York Times, 12/2/95
“Nick Leeson, Man who Broke Barings, Joins Irish Soccer Club,” Bloomberg.com, 4/17/05

Lewis, James P. Jr

“Financial Advisor is Mounting his Defense,” LA Times, 12/27/03
“Many Churchgoers Put Savings in O.C. Funds,” Associated Press, 12/19/03
“Regulators Say Financial Advisor Ran Ponzi Scheme,” LA Times, 12/24/03
“Money Manager, Kin, Friends Received Millions,” LA Times, 1/17/04
“Retirement Funds Hit by FAC Debacle,” LA Times, 1/18/04
“O.C. Money Manager Arrested at Texas Motel,” LA Times, 1/23/04
“Report Triples Figures in O.C. Fraud Case,” LA Times, 3/9/04
“Money Manager to Plead Guilty,” LA Times, 10/15/05
“California Man Gets 30 Years for Ponzi Scheme,” Associated Press, 5/27/06

Madoff, Bernard

“The Madoff Affair,” FRONTLINE, 5/12/09
 “The Talented Mr. Madoff,” The New York Times, 1/25/09
“Bernie Madoff’s $50 Billion Ponzi Scheme,” Forbes, 12/12/08
“Madoff Goes to Jail After Guilty Pleas,” The New York Times, 3/13/09
“SEC Didn’t Act on Madoff Tips,” The Washington Post, 12/16/08
“Madoff Enjoyed $50 Pedicures, 9.8 Handicap, Boat,” Bloomberg, 12/17/08
“What We Wrote About Madoff,” Barron’s, 12/22/08
“SEC Files Actions Against Madoff’s ‘Feeders,’” Financial Times, 6/23/09
“Chasing Small Fry, S.E.C. Let Madoff Get Away,” The New York Times, 6/27/09
“Madoff Told Sons of $50 Billion Fraud Before Telling FBI Agents,” Bloomberg, 12/13/08
“Madoff Scheme Kept Rippling Outward, Across Borders,” The New York Times, 12/20/08

Minkow, Barry

“Wonderboy: The Kid who Swindled Wall Street,” by Daniel Akst, Scribner's Sons, 1990
“ZZZZ Best to File for Chapter 11,” The New York Times, 7/7/87
“Star Entrepreneur's Fall from Grace,” The New York Times, 7/9/87
“Minkow of ZZZZ Best Gets 25 Years,” The New York Times, 3/28/89
“Update: Barry Minkow; The Knowledge of the Perpetrator,” The New York Times, 3/17/02
“ZZZZ Best is Under SEC Investigation, Mulls Bankruptcy Filing, Sources Say,” The Wall Street Journal, 7/6/87
“Trial of ZZZZ Best’s Founder will Offer Inside Look at Workings of a Bold Scam,” The Wall Street Journal, 8/23/88
“ZZZZ Best Founder Minkow Indicted on Racketeering and Fraud Charges,” The Wall Street Journal, 1/18/88

Musica, Philip


“Drug Firm Head Caught in Time,” San Antonio Express, 12/17/38
“Coster Faked Assets and Family Background to Win Club Recognition,” Dunkirk Evening Observer, 12/21/38
“Sketching a Saga of Swindle, the Fantastic Career of Philip Musica,” Hope Star, 12/21/38


Payne, Gerald

“5 Guilty in Bilking Based on a Ministry,” The New York Times, 3/14/01
“Court Stops Alleged Christian Pyramid Investment Scheme,” Journal-Tribune, 8/26/99
“Church Founders Handed Penalties,” Tampa Tribune, 8/7/01
“Church Leader Gets 27 Years,” St. Petersburg Times, 8/7/01
“Blind Faith Costs Investors Millions,” Associated Press, 8/8/01
“Justices Rule Action Isn’t Necessary to Prove Conspiracy,” The New York Times, 1/12/05
“Greater Ministries International,” Anti-Defamation League website (www.adl.org)
“Reverend Sentenced to 27 Years in Greater Ministries Scheme,” Knight Ridder/Tribune News Service, 8/8/01
“Investment frauds using religion on the rise, state regulators warn,” news release by the North American Securities Administrators Association, 8/7/01
“Church Leader Gets 19 Years for Role in Scam,” Sunday Gazette-Mail, 8/12/01

Pearlman, Lou

“A Scheme Unravels,” St. Petersburg Times, 2/6/07
“Boy-Band Bust,” New York magazine, 2/11/07
“Lou Pearlman Charged with Bank Fraud,” The Washington Post, 6/14/07
“Lou Pearlman Arrested in Indonesia,” St. Petersburg Times, 6/15/07
“Boy Band Mogul Pearlman Sentenced to 25 Years,” Reuters, 5/21/08
“Some Investors Got Out of Lou Pearlman’s Ponzi Scheme, But Not Soon Enough,” St. Petersburg Times, 4/25/09

Petters, Thomas


“Petters Sentenced to 50 Years for $3.5 Billion Fraud,” Bloomberg, 4/8/10
“Minn. Man Sentenced to 50 Years for $3.7 Billion Ponzi Scheme,” Christian Science Monitor, 4/8/10
“Tom Petters’ Ponzi Scheme Victims Span World,” Star Tribune, 4/29/10
“Petters Seeks New Trial After Ponzi Conviction,” Reuters Canada, 7/30/10


Ponzi, Charles

“Ponzi's Scheme: The True Story of a Financial Legend,” by Mitchell Zuckoff,  Random House, 2005
 “Ponzi is Free But Facing New Jail,” Consolidated Press Association, 8/6/24
“Ponzi to be Freed, but Faces Rearrest,” The New York Times, 8/16/20
“Ponzi Payment,” Time Magazine, 1/5/31
“What Journalism owes to Charles Ponzi,” Poynter.org, 1/22/09

Rastogi, Brothers

“Four Men are Charged with $600 Million Bank Fraud Linked to Metal Trading,” New York Times, 5/15/02
“Fraud Probe Metals King Sued for $5 Million,” The Guardian, 7/17/02
“Suspected Fraudsters Move into Mobile Phone Sales,” The Guardian, 7/26/04
“Astonishing Sentence for Astonishing Scam,” CFO Magazine, 6/17/08
“Former RPG Resouces CEO Sentenced,” Bloomberg News, 6/17/08
“Former CFO of Allied Deals Sentenced After Cooperating...” Special Investigation Commission, “Fighting Money Laundering,” www.sic.gov, 6/21/08
“Scamster Rastogi Extradited to India,” The Economic Times, 7/5/08
“Multimillion-pound Metal Fraudster Virendra Rastogi Jailed,” The Times, 6/6/08
“Rastogi Accuses Brother of Role in Multimillion Dollar Loan Fraud,” The Guardian, 1/10/04

Rigas, John

“Chief Executive Resigns Position as Adelphia Expands Inquiry” New York Times, 5/16/02
“Rigas and Sons Arrested,” CNNMoney.com, 7/25/02
“Jury Hears Clashing Views of Roles of Rigas Family in Adelphia,”New York Times, 3/2/04
“Jury to Begin Deliberations in Rigas Trial,” Washington Post, 6/26/04
“Rigas Family to Cede Assets to Adelphia,” New York Times, 4/26/05
“Court Lightens Sentence of Convicted Telecom Executives,” International Herald Tribune, 6/25/08
“Adelphia Founder's Charges Upheld,” New York Times, 7/13/08

Rothstein, Scott

“Fraud Accusations Against Florida Lawyer Set Off a Race to Return his Donations,” New York Times, 11/4/09
“Lawyer Scott Rothstein: The Rise and Fall of a Wheeler Dealer,” The Miami Herald, 11/7/09
“U.S. Moves to Confiscate a Fortune in Ponzi Case,” New York Times, 11/24/09
“Top Five Things to Know About Scott Rothstein,” Christian Science Monitor, 12/1/09
“How Scott Rothstein Gambled – and Lost,” The Miami Herald, 6/10/10
“Scott Rothstein Gets 50 Years,” Florida Sun-Sentinel, 6/9/10
“259 Victims of Rothstein Fraud are Owed $279 Million, Prosecutors Say,” Florida Sun-Sentinel, 8/2/10
“List of Rothstein’s Victims Sealed,” Florida Sun-Sentinel, 8/11/10


Scrushy, Richard

"The Rise and Fall of Richard Scrushy, Entrepreneur," The New York Times, 3/21/03
“Ex-HealthSouth Chief Indicted for Fraud: Scrushy first CEO charged under Sarbanes-Oxley Act,” Charleston Gazette, 11/5/03
“Ex-HealthSouth Officer says he Faked Numbers for Chief,” The New York Times, 2/2/05
“Jury Acquits fired CEO Richard Scrushy on all counts in HealthSouth Fraud,” Associated Press, 6/28/05
“Corporate Conduct: The Overview: Former Chief of HealthSouth Acquitted in $2.7 billion fraud,” The New York Times, 6/29/05
“The Man who Saved Richard Scrushy,” Fortune magazine, 7/25/05
“’I Should Have Stood up to Richard Scrushy,’ HealthSouth CFO gets 3 Months,” The Washington Post, 8/26/05
“Richard Scrushy Quits HealthSouth board,” Associated Press, 12/6/05
“Richard Scrushy’s ‘Amen Corner,’” BusinessWeek, 1/20/06
“Scrushy Settles SEC Lawsuit for $81 million,” Associated Press, 4/24/07
“HealthSouth Civil Lawsuit Seeks $2.6 billion from Scrushy,” The New York Times, 5/12/09
“Ex-Governor of Alabama Loses Again in Court,” The New York Times, 5/16/09
“Scrushy Civil Case Far Cry from Criminal Trial,” Associated Press, 5/18/09
“Ex-Chief of HealthSouth Loses Civil Suit,” The New York Times, 6/19/09


Slatkin, Reed

“The Reed Slatkin Case: Did the SEC Drop the Ball?” BusinessWeek, 5/28/01
“California Money Manager Makes Appearance in Court,” Santa Barbara News-Press, 7/31/01
“This Man Made $500 Million Disappear…and These People Would Like to Know Where it Went,” Esquire magazine, 10/1/01
“Investment Manager Slatkin Charged with Massive Scheme,” AP Worldstream, 3/27/02
“Ponzi Scheme Victims File Suit Against Banks,” Santa-Barbara News Press, 9/6/02
“Associate of EarthLink co-founder Reed Slatkin Pleads Guilty to Obstructing SEC Probe,” AP Worldstream, 10/23/02
“Reed Slatkin Gets 14 Years for Scam,” AP Online, 9/3/03
“Reed Slatkin Given 14-Year Prison Term,” Los Angeles Times, 9/3/03
“New Mexico Bookkeeper Agrees to Guilty Pleas in Investment Scheme,” 12/6/03


South, Sea Bubble

“The South Sea Bubble,” The New York Times, 11/14/1853
“Extraordinary Popular Delusions and the Madness of Crowds,” by Charles Mackay, 1841
“South Sea Bubble,” by Viscount Erleigh, 1933

Tellier, Walter

“’Penny’ Uranium Stock Expert Blasts SEC and ‘Fraud’ Talk,” The New York Times, 11/4/55
“The Sure Thing,” Time Magazine, 5/7/56
“2nd Not Guilty Plea Entered by Tellier,” The New York Times, 5/8/56
“Uranium Swindle Put at $20,500,000,” The New York Times, 8/4/56
“Tellier Arraigned in Stock Swindle,” The New York Times, 8/14/56
“Tellier Convicted of Mail Bond Fraud,” The New York Times, 3/14/57

Whitney, Richard

“Whitney to Head Stock Exchange,” The New York Times, 4/15/30
“Read the Bill!” Time Magazine, 2/26/34
“Whitney Indicted for Theft of $105,000 in Securities in Surprise Move by Dewey,” The New York Times, 3/11/38
“Whitney Receives 5 to 10 Year Term,” The New York Times, 4/12/38
“SEC Holds Silence Let Whitney Go On,” The New York Times, 11/2/38
“Whitney Goes Free on Parole,” The New York Times, 7/9/41
“Richard Whitney, 86, Dies, Headed Stock Exchange,” The New York Times, 12/6/74